Humphrey DeForest Bogart, was born on Christmas Day 1899. He was an American screen and stage actor whose performances in 1940s film noir such as The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, and The Big Sleep earned him status as a cultural icon. Bogart gradually became a regular in Broadway shows in the 1920s and 1930s. When the stock market crash of 1929 reduced the demand for plays, Bogart turned to film. Bogart's breakthrough as a leading man came in 1941 with High Sierra and The Maltese Falcon. The next year, his performance in Casablanca, raised him to the peak of his profession. His last film before his death on 14 January 1957, was The Harder They Fall.