Born on 3 January 1892, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, known by his pen name J.R.R Tolkien, was an English writer, poet, philologist & university professor. Tolkien is known for his high-fantasy writing, including The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. During World War 1 Tolkien served as a 2nd lieut. in the Lancashire Fusiliers, participating in the July 1916 Battle of the Somme. In November 1920 he left the army and began working for the Oxford Dictionary, then a career as a university professor at Leeds, becoming the youngest professor there. In the 2nd World War, Tolkien took up a post as codebreaker for the Foreign Office, in case of a national emergency. In the 1972 New Year Honours he was given an OBE by Queen Elizabeth II. After his death in 1973, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father’s notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion, another ofTolkien’s best known books.