Walter Elias ’Walt’ Disney was born in Chicago on 5 December 1901. He was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons. Walt
developed the character Mickey Mouse in 1928, his first highly popular success. As the studio grew, Disney became more adventurous, introducing synchronized sound, fullcolour three-strip Technicolor, feature-length cartoons and technical developments in cameras. The results, seen in features such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Fantasia, Pinocchio, Dumbo and Bambi, furthered the development of animated film. New animated and live-action films followed after World War II, including the
critically successful Cinderella and Mary Poppins. Until his death in December 1966 Disney was involved in a total of 81 feature films.