Formed in England on 1 October 1946, by Roland Berrill, a barrister and Dr Lance Ware, a scientist and lawyer. They had the idea of forming a society for bright people, the only qualification for membership was a high IQ. The original aims were to create a society that is non-political and free from all racial or religious distinctions, an aim that still stands today. The society welcomes people from every walk of life whose IQ is in the top two per cent of the population, with the objective of enjoying each other's company and participating in a wide range of social and cultural activities. There are currently over 121,000 members of the society worldwide.