Beryl Markham, born Beryl Clutterbuck on 26 October 1902 in Rutland, England, was an aviator, adventurer, racehorse trainer and author. At the age of 4, she moved with her family to Kenya. On 4 September 1936, she took off from Abingdon, England. After a 20-hour flight, her Vega Gull, The Messenger, suffered fuel starvation due to icing of the fuel tank vents, and she crash-landed at Nova Scotia, Canada. Despite falling short of her goal, Markham had become the first woman to cross the Atlantic east-to-west solo, and the first person to make it from England to North America non-stop from east to west. She was celebrated as an aviation pioneer. Markham chronicled her many adventures in her memoir, West with the Night, published in 1942.