Also known as The London Charivari, Punch was a British weekly magazine filled with humour and satire. The magazine was established in 1841 by Henry Mayhew and Ebenezer Landells with an initial investment of £25. The first issue was published on 17 July 1841. Artists who published in Punch during the 1840’s and 1850’s included John Leech, Richard Doyle, John Tenniel and Charles Keene and they became known as ‘The Punch Brotherhood’. The magazines peak was in the 1940’s and a long decline followed; revived in 1996 it closed again in 2002.