The TV licence fee is a tax collected by the BBC to primarily fund the radio, television and online services of the BBC itself. Any household within the UK watching or recording live television transmissions as they are being broadcast is required to hold a TV licence. Businesses, hospitals, schools and other organisations are also required to hold licences. When television broadcasts were resumed after the Second World War the television licence was introduced to finance the service. Introduced on 1 June 1946 covering the single-channel BBC service, the licence cost £2 and was issued by the General Post Office.