HM Queen Elizabeth II surpassed Queen Victoria to become the UK’s longest serving monarch on 9 September. The original record of 63 years and 216 days was set by Elizabeth’s great-great grandmother, Queen Victoria more than a century ago. Both women found themselves on the throne at a young age — Victoria at 18, and Elizabeth at 25 — and both ruled throughout periods of great transformation. HM the Queen insisted there would be no royal celebrations for the historical occasion and it was business as usual as she attended the opening ceremony of the Borders railway route at Tweedbank station, Scotland. She was transported to the event on 60009 Union of South Africa, a LNER Class A4 steam locomotive, one of only six that remain.